A former synagogue designed by Aubrey Vincent O'Rourke, a Dublin architect responsible for a large number of commercial premises in Dublin. Like many Dublin buildings of the period, it combines neo Classical features with modern technology which allowed for flat roofs and large openings. The synagogue was built on the site of Greenville House, which along with its demesne was sold in the 1870s. It is one of a number of synagogues built to serve the local Jewish community. The area became known as Little Jerusalem following the immigration of Jewish communities fleeing pogroms in Europe in the late nineteenth century. The building ceased to be used as a synagogue in the 1970s.
The building retains its early form and character, and fabric including windows, door, well cut limestone and rendered walls. The windows are of particular interest, some retaining subtle Star of David motifs. The neo Classical proportions and details give it prominence in the surrounding residential streets.